Jump to main content
DFG CRC/Transregio 39 PT-PIESA
SP C08

Determination of polarization in integrated piezoceramics by means of thermal waves and pulses

G. Gerlach
  1. Aims
  2. Results
  3. Methods
  4. Publications
  5. Contact

Aims

Evaluation of the polarization state of integrated piezoceramic modules concerning quantification and homogeneity as well as determination of interfacial defects inside the  materials composite

  • Thermal pulse method: pulsed laser will provide a higher heat power compared to LIMM and, consequently, a higher measuring signal
  • study of structural components fabricated by the process chains of the CRC: structures with thick metal embeddings
  • reduction of the measuring time for application in mass production
  • determination of interfacial defects (such as lamination failures)
  • structural components with integrated heater provide a condition monitoring of polarization and materials interconnection

Results

Model of pyroelectric current

  • harmonically heated piezoelectric plate
  • heat losses are characterized by single relaxation times tth or a continuous distribution of relaxation times
  • In the case of a homogeneous polarization with p(z) = p0, we obtain [2]:
 
c08

LIMM measurement setup

 

c08

Pyroelectric current spectra

 

c08

Nyquist plot:

c08
  • Cole-Davidson relaxation:
  • – asymmetry of spectrum (characterizes distribution of tth caused by different thermal contacts, for instance Pt/Ag/LTCC, Pt/air/LTCC and Pt/LTCC)

Thermal analysis with ANSYS:

  • MFC actuator and aluminium die-casting: one-dimensional heat conduction is a suitable approximation, i.e., a reduction of complex structures to simple models is beneficial.
c08
Geometric model of the MFC actuator
c08
Temperature distribution

Thermal relaxation times: TMP as an example

 

Time constant

tth, s

G, W/m²K

Cause of heat loss

t1

> 1,5

250

sample surface/environment

t2

0,35

2400

PZT/PA6

t3

0,03

-

Ni/Ag-electrodes

t4

6×10-4

-

unsolved

 
 

Methods

Thermal pulse measurement setup

                          

Integrated heater
Evaluation of polarization and interfacial defects

Publications

Reviewed Publications

 
[Suc11a] Suchaneck G, Hu W, Gerlach G, Flössel M, Gebhardt S, Schönecker A (2011)
Nondestructive evaluation of polarization in LTCC/PZT piezoelectric modules by thermal wave methods. Ferroelectr 420:25-29
[Suc12a] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Hu W, Krantz B, Drossel W-G, Gerlach G (2012)
Evaluation of polarization of embedded piezoelectrics by the thermal wave method. IEEE Tran Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 59 (12):1950-1954
[Suc13a] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Rübner M, Schwankl M, Gerlach G (2013)
A simple thermal wave method for the evaluation of the polarization state of embedded piezoceramics. Ceram Int 39(1):587-590
[Suc13b] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Gerlach G (2013)
A laser intensity modulation method for the evaluation of the polarization state of embedded piezoceramics. Ferroelectr 453:127-132
[Eyd13a] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G (2013)
Evaluation of the polarization state of integrated piezoelectric sensors and actuators using the thermal wave method. Key Eng Mater 543:503-506
[Eyd16a] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G (2016)
Characterisation of the polarisation state of embedded piezoelectric transducers by thermal waves and thermal pulses. Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems 5 (2016), 165-170
[Eyd16b] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G (2016)
Non-destructive evaluation of integrated piezoelectric transducers by thermal waves and thermal pulses. In: 3rd International Conference on System-Integrated Intelligence: New Challenges for Product and Production Engineering 2016, Proceedia Technology 26 (2016) 59-65.
[Eyd16c] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G (2016)
Thermal excitation as a mean for non-destructive evaluation of embedded piezoelectric transducers. 2016 Joint IEEE International Symposium on the Applications of Ferroelectrics, European Conference on Applications of Polar Dielectrics & Workshop on Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (ISAF/ECAPD/PFM), August 21-25, 2016, Darmstadt (Germany), DOI: 10.1109/ISAF.2016.7578102
[Eyd17a] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Thermal Pulse Method for Non-Destructive Characterization of Integrated Piezoelectric Transducers, Procedia Eng. 168 (2017) 848-851.
[Eyd17b] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Determination of polarization in integrated piezoceramics by means of thermal oscillations and thermal pulses. Technisches Messen (2017) Band 84, Heft S1, S. 81-87.
[Suc18] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Gerlach G
Thermal Wave Techniques - Nondestructive Evaluation of Embedded Piezoelectrics by Thermal Methods. In: Handbook of Advanced Non-Destructive Evaluation, edited by Nathan Ida and Norbert Meyendorf (Springer, 2018) (angenommen, in der Produktion)
[Eyd18] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Thermal pulse studies of integrated piezoceramics. Advanced Engineering Materials (2018) accepted

Other Publications

 
[Hu11] Hu W, Flössel M, Suchaneck G, Jaenicke-Rößler K, Gebhardt S, Schönecker A, Gerlach G (2011)
Determination of the polarization state in LTCC/PZT piezoelectric sensor-actuator modules. In: Proc Piezo 2011. Sestriere, Italy, Paper M14
[Suc13c] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Gerlach G (2013)
Evaluation of the pyroelectric response of embedded piezoelectrics by means of a Nyquist plot. In: IEEE IUS. Prague, Czech Republic
[Eyd13b] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Hohlfeld K, Gebhardt S, Michaelis A, Gerlach G (2013)
Evaluation of the Polarization State of Piezofiber Composites. In: IEEE ISAF-PFM. Prague, Czech Republic
[Eyd16a] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Non-destructive evaluation of integrated piezoelectric transducers by thermal waves and thermal pulses. 3rd International Conference on System-Integrated Intelligence: New Challenges for Product and Production Engineering 2016, Procedia Technology 26 (2016) 59-65.
[Eyd16b] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Characterization of the polarization state of embedded piezoelectric transducersby thermal waves and thermal pulses. J. Sens. Sens. Syst. 5 (2016) 165-170.

Conferences

 
[Eyd16a] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Thermal Pulse Method for Non-Destructive Characterization of Integrated Piezoelectric Transducers. EUROSENSORS XXX, 2016, September 4 - 7, 2016, Budapest (Hungary), Electronic abstracts ID8236 (to be published in Procedia Engineering).
[Eyd16b] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Monitoring of the polarization state of integrated piezoelectric transducers by a thermal pulse method. International Conference on Technologically Advanced Materials and Asian Meeting on Ferroelectricity (ICTAM-AMF10) November 7-11, 2016, New Delhi (India), Talk OL-38, Book of Abstract, p.111.
[Eyd17a] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Evaluation of integrated piezoelectric transducers by a thermal pulse method. AMEC-2016, the 10th Asian Meeting on Electroceramics, Dec. 04-07, 2016, Taipei (Taiwan), Program and Abstract book, p. 109.
[Eyd17b] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Influence of the Measurement System on the Nondestructive Pyroelectric Evaluation of Embedded Piezoelectric Transducers. IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (ISAF), International Workshop on Acoustic Transduction Materials and Devices (IWATMD), Piezoresponse Force Microscopy Workshop (PFM), 7-11 May, 2017, Atlanta GA (USA), Electronic abstract P76.
[Eyd17c] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Thermal wave and thermal pulse studies of the impact of manufacturing technology on the polarization of piezofiber composites. SENSOR+TEST 2017, The Measurement Fair, May 30 - June 1, Nuremberg (Germany), Electronic Proceedings, p. 420-423
[Eyd17d] Eydam A, Suchaneck G, Gerlach G
Polarisationsbestimmung integrierter Piezokeramiken mittels thermischer Wellen und Pulse. AHMT 2017 - 31. Messtechnisches Symposium des Arbeitskreises der Hochschullehrer für Messtechnik, 21.-23.09.2017, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Publikation in Technisches Messen Bd. 54(2017)).
[Hoh17e] Hohlfeld K, Eßlinger S, Eydam A, Winkler A, Weber T, Gude M, Modler N, Gerlach G, Suchaneck G, Michaelis A, Schönecker A, Gebhardt S, Neumeister P
Effect of the integration of piezoceramic composites into structural components on their poling condition an polarizability. 8th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and the 6th International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering - SMN2017, June 5-8, 2017, Madrid (Spain), Electronic abstracts, p.349-358.
[Suc17f] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Gerlach G
Application of the thermal pulse method for nondestructive evaluation of embedded piezoelectric transducers. International Conference on Oxide Materials for Electronics Engineering - fabrication, properties and application - OMEE 2017, May 29 - June 2, 2017, Lviv (Ukraine), Electronic Abstracts, p. 122.
[Suc17g] Suchaneck G
Thermal wave and thermal pulse methods for the evaluation of embedded piezoceramics. XIth Conference of the Polish Ceramic Society, September 13-17, 2017, Zakopane (Poland), Plenary talk, Book of Abstracts, pp. 17-19.
[Suc18a] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Gerlach G
Nondestructive evaluation of embedded piezoceramics by thermal wave and pulse methods. BIT´s 4th Annual World Congress of Smart Materials - 2018 (WCSM-2018), March 6-8, 2018, Osaka (Japan), Invited talk, Electronic proceedings, p. 130.
[Suc18b] Suchaneck G, Eydam A, Gerlach G
Nondestructive evaluation of embedded piezoceramics by thermal wave and pulse methods. CICMT (Ceramic Interconnects and Ceramic Microsystems Technology) 2018, April 18-20, Aveiro (Portugal), Invited talk, Electronic proceedings, pp. 20-21.
[Suc18c] Suchaneck G, Yakhnevych U V, Eydam A, Sugak D Y, Ubizskii S B, Syvorotka I I, Gerlach G
Depth profiling of dopant concentration and pyroelectric properties of LiNbO3 single crystals high-temperature treated in the presence of metal ions. 14th Russia/CIS/Baltic/Japan Symposium on Ferroelectricity RCBJSF 2018, May 14-18, 2018, St. Petersburg (Russia), Abstract book, p. 74.

Contact

Project Manager:

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Gerald Gerlach
Technische Universität Dresden
Fakultät Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik
Institut für Festkörperelektronik
Professur für Festkörperelektronik
Helmholtzstr. 18
01062 Dresden

Phone: +49 351 463-32077

E-Mail:

Press Articles

Social Media

Connect with Us: